Kindergarten Science and Technology/Engineering Benchmarks
Earth and Space
- Understand repeating natural patterns of seasons, phases of the moon, cycle of the sun, days, weeks, months, and years.
- Understand concepts of weather changes and kinds of weather conditions.
- Understand that wind is moving air and can move things.
- Describe the importance of the sun to all living things.
- Observe how a seed grows and what it needs to survive.
- Compare living and non-living things.
- Group living and non-living things according to the characteristics they share.
- Identify differences in appearances among individual humans, animals, and plants.
- Identify ways that people, animals, and plants change to adapt to seasons.
- Identify and explore the five senses in the world around us. Recognize that this is how we interact with our environment. Use appropriate sensory vocabulary to describe characteristics of a variety of objects and materials.
- Identify the similar needs of all people and all living things.
- Describe and demonstrate knowledge of the different properties of matter (e.g., color, size, shape, weight and texture).
Technology and Engineering
- Recognize the characteristics of and some uses for both natural (e.g., wood, fur, cotton, wool) and man-made (e.g., plastic, Styrofoam) materials.
- Identify tools that are used by humans to extend their body’s capacities (e.g., telescope).
- Independently choose and use tools such as pencil, scissors, rulers, tape, thermometer, hand lenses, paper and stencils for a specific purpose.
- Learn the name of one or more simple machines (e.g., pulley, lever, wheel, ramp). Draw, write, talk about and experiment with the actual object/s).
Skills of Inquiry/Scientific Process We Expect Students to Demonstrate
- Ask questions about objects, organisms, and events in the environment.
- Conduct investigations based on the questions: Why? What would happen if?
- Make predictions based on observed patterns.
- Choose, name and use simple equipment and tools (e.g., rulers, thermometers, hand lenses, balance and meter sticks) to gather data and extend the senses.
- Record observations and data with pictures, numbers, or written statements.
- Discuss observations with others.
- Learn scientific vocabulary (e.g., height, weight, balance).