GRADE 3 HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE BENCHMARKS
MASSACHUSETTS AND ITS CITIES AND TOWNS: GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY
- Define decade and century. Recognize different ways of representing time periods and explain the meaning of those representations (e.g., the 16th century refers to the 1500s). Use a timeline to represent the chronology of events in a given time period.
- Observe visual sources such as historic paintings, photographs, or illustrations accompanying historical narratives, and describe details such as clothing, setting, or action.
- Observe and describe local or regional historic artifacts and sites and generate questions about their function, construction, and significance. (e.g., Plymouth Plantation, Old South Meeting House, U.S.S. Constitution, Bunker Hill Memorial, Saugus Iron Works)
- Identify and describe the way of life of the Wampanoags.
- Compare and contrast the Puritans and Pilgrims.
- Identify who the Pilgrims were and explain why they left Europe; describe their journey and their early years in the Plymouth Colony, including the challenges they faced, the establishment of a government, and their interactions with the Wampanoags.
- Understand and communicate the important events leading to and during the American Revolution: (e.g., taxes imposed by British government, Stamp Act, Boston Tea Party, Battle of Bunker Hill, growth of towns and cities).
- Recognize and understand key American documents resulting from the American Revolution. (e.g., Declaration of Independence, Constitution, Bill of Rights)
- Write and present a summary of the life and achievements of an influential Massachusetts historical figure. (Ex. John Adams, Paul Revere, Nathaniel Bowditch, Susan B. Anthony).
- Identify the founding date of Melrose and different groups of settlers who settled in Melrose. Discuss the origins of the word Melrose.
- Identify and apply/use the following features of a map:
- cardinal directions
- distance scale
- On a map of the United States, locate and label the New England states and the Atlantic Ocean.
- On a map of Massachusetts, locate Melrose and major cities and towns; also locate important geographic features of Massachusetts (e.g., Cape Cod, important rivers) and historical landmarks.
- Give examples of why it is necessary for communities to have governments (e.g., governments provide order and protect rights).
- Give examples of the parts and functions of state and local government (e.g., Mayor, board of aldermen, town councils).
- Give examples of different ways people in a community can influence their state and local government (e.g., voting, running for office, attending council meetings).
- Define and give examples of democracy in state and local government (e.g., petitions, bills, laws, etc.).
- Be familiar with origin and symbolism of American Flag. Describe the official procedure for the care and display of the flag.
- Define taxes, explain the purpose for taxes and give examples of different types of taxes (ex., property, sales, income). Give examples of tax-supported facilities and services provided by the local government (Ex. public schools, library).
- Give examples of different businesses in the community and describe how they contribute to the community.
- Define barter. Give examples of bartering (ex. Native Americans traded with Europeans for fine fabrics, jewels, by offering local goods. Include real life scenarios: trading baseball cards or other collectible cards.).
- Understand the origin of the exchange of money for goods and services.